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Magnifica Comunità
di Fiemme

Il Palazzo, Museo Pinacoteca

Magnifica Comunità
di Fiemme

Il Palazzo, Museo Pinacoteca

History

Comunitas Vallis Flemmarum

The roots of Magnifica Comunità di Fiemme hail from a long time ago. The word comunità (community) was first used in 13th century documents, and so was the word scario, pinpointing the highest authority among the inhabitants of the valley.

In 1234 the Comunitas Vallis Flemmarum was fully established. It was united and packed the defense of its members’ lawful rights against the claims of neighbouring villages.

During the 14th century, Henry of Metz (1310-1336) prince bishop of Trento, issued a document confirming the community’s ownership of the land: it is the so-called Privilegio Enriciano. This document lists all mountains, pastures and woods belonging to Magnifica Comunità di Fiemme. The same paper confirms two hundred years old rights such as the right to graze, to harvest timber, to hunt and fish.

From the beginning of the 12th century, we can therefore refer to Magnifica Comunità di Fiemme as to a collective institution, recognized by the ecclesiastical authorities and provided with self-given rules regulating its management and the exploitation of lands and woods.

During a feudal ceremony, count Gebardo bishop of Trento granted Magnifica Comunità di Fiemme tax exemption on the whole territory of his principality. This document is called Gebardini Pacts and was signed in Bolzano on 13th and 14th July, 1111 AD. He also took on the commitment that a judge would administer justice in the valley twice a year, on 1st May and 11th November. In return for general tax exemption, the populace would pay a fixed tax amount per year. Text by Italo Giordani

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